abrupt


abrupt
I
(New American Roget's College Thesaurus)
adj. sudden, precipitate, short, curt; steep, precipitous, sheer; sudden or sharp (turn, etc.); jerky. See instantaneity.Ant., gradual.
II
(Roget's IV) modif.
1. [ Said of things, usually landscape ]
Syn. steep, precipitate, sheer, precipitous, sudden, sharp, angular, craggy, unexpected, uneven, rough, rugged, irregular, jagged, perpendicular, straight up, straight down, without a break, vertical, headlong, zigzag, broken, uphill, downhill, falling, bluffy.
Ant. level*, flat, horizontal.
2. [ Said of people or acts of people ]
Syn. rough, blunt, short, terse, brusque, unceremonious, sudden, hasty, hurried, precipitate, impetuous, uncivil, gruff, impolite, curt, bluff, ungracious, rude, crude, uncomplaisant, downright, outspoken, direct, unexpected, to the point, matter-of-fact, discourteous, sharp, snippy*; see also blunt 2 .
Ant. polite*, ceremonious, gracious.
Syn.- abrupt implies a sharp degree of inclination in a surface breaking off suddenly from the level [ an abrupt bank at the river's edge ] ; steep suggests such sharpness of rise or slope as to make ascent or descent very difficult [ a steep hill ] ; precipitous suggests the sudden and headlong drop of a precipice [ a precipitous height ] ; sheer applies to that which is perpendicular, or almost so, and unbroken throughout its length [ cliffs falling sheer to the sea, a sheer drop from the sixth floor ] See also Synonym Study at sudden .
III
(Roget's 3 Superthesaurus) a.
1. sudden unexpected, surprising, unforeseen, swift, precipitate, unanticipated.
2. curt gruff, brusque, brisk, discourteous, rude.
3. steep sheer, precipitous.
ANT.: 1. anticipated, expected. 2. courteous, polite, gracious
IV
(Roget's Thesaurus II) adjective 1. Happening quickly and without warning: hurried, precipitant, precipitate, sudden. See FAST, SURPRISE. 2. Rudely unceremonious: blunt, brief, brusque, crusty, curt, gruff, short, short-spoken. See ATTITUDE. 3. So sharply inclined as to be almost perpendicular: bold, precipitous, sheer2, steep1. See HORIZONTAL.

English dictionary for students. 2013.

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  • abrupt — abrupt, e [ abrypt ] adj. et n. m. • 1512; lat. abruptus, de rumpere « rompre » 1 ♦ Dont la pente est quasi verticale (comme rompue). ⇒ accore, escarpé, 5. pic (à). « L abrupt rocher de la Sainte Victoire » (Barrès). Versant abrupt d une montagne …   Encyclopédie Universelle

  • abrupt — ABRÚPT, Ă, abrupţi, te, adj. 1. (Despre povârnişuri, prăpăstii etc.) Cu pantă repede, greu accesibil; accidentat, prăpăstios. 2. fig. (Despre stil) Fără legătură, inegal. 3. (Despre un organ) Târâtor, repent. – Din fr. abrupt, lat. abruptus.… …   Dicționar Român

  • abrupt — Adj plötzlich, jäh erw. fremd. Erkennbar fremd (18. Jh.) Entlehnung. Entlehnt aus l. abruptus, dem PPP. von l. abrumpere abreißen, losreißen , aus l. rumpere (ruptum) reißen, zerbrechen und l. ab von weg .    Ebenso nndl. abrupt, ne. abrupt, nfrz …   Etymologisches Wörterbuch der deutschen sprache

  • Abrupt — Ab*rupt , a. [L. abruptus, p. p. of abrumpere to break off; ab + rumpere to break. See {Rupture}.] 1. Broken off; very steep, or craggy, as rocks, precipices, banks; precipitous; steep; as, abrupt places. Tumbling through ricks abrupt, Thomson.… …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • abrupt — abrupt, te (a bru pt, pt ) adj. 1°   Qui est en pente rapide et comme rompu. Montagnes abruptes. La pente abrupte diffère de la pente roide, en ce que celle là ne permet pas une ligne droite et que l autre la permet. 2°   Fig. Style abrupt, style …   Dictionnaire de la Langue Française d'Émile Littré

  • Abrupt — Ab*rupt , n. [L. abruptum.] An abrupt place. [Poetic] Over the vast abrupt. Milton. [1913 Webster] …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • abrupt — abrupt·ly; abrupt; abrupt·ness; …   English syllables

  • abrupt — [adj1] rude or brief in manner blunt, brusque, crude, crusty, curt, direct, discourteous, gruff, impetuous, impolite, matter of fact, rough, short, snappy, snippy, uncivil, ungracious; concept 542 Ant. calm, kind, nice abrupt [adj2] happening… …   New thesaurus

  • abrupt — Adj. (Aufbaustufe) ohne Vorwarnung geschehend, plötzlich Synonyme: auf einmal, ruckartig, schlagartig, überraschend, unerwartet, unvermittelt, unvermutet, unversehens jäh (geh.) Beispiel: Der Fahrer hat abrupt gebremst. Kollokation: ein abruptes… …   Extremes Deutsch

  • Abrupt — Ab*rupt , v. t. To tear off or asunder. [Obs.] Till death abrupts them. Sir T. Browne. [1913 Webster] …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • Abrúpt — (lat.), abgebrochen, zusammenhanglos …   Meyers Großes Konversations-Lexikon